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Information Literacy Modules
  • What is a newspaper?

    A newspaper contains articles focused on current events and is published:

    • Daily or weekly (periodically)
    • In print and digital formats

    Note: Ads, cartoons, editorials, interviews, letters or reviews can be cited in Advanced.

  • How does a newspaper article differ from a magazine?

    • Concise headline
    • Lead sentences contain the key facts (who, what, where, when and why)
    • Reports daily news

  • How do I evaluate an article?

    Is the evidence strong?

    • Are the journalist's sources credible, current and relevant? Are they presented accurately?
    • Can I verify information in other types of media (e.g., journals, magazines, reports)?
    • If there is a study or poll, is the sample size large enough to represent the population accurately?

    Is the article written objectively?

    • Are all views explained in neutral language?
    • Do the conclusions follow logically from the analysis?

    How does this source fit?

    • Does this add a different point of view?
    • Does this make sense, given what I already know?

  • How do I evaluate a reporter's authority?

    Search the author's name to identify expertise like:

    • A reporting focus
    • Subject knowledge (e.g., author of a book)
    • First-hand knowledge of people and events
    • Relevant work experience

    Tip: If the writer is a citizen journalist (a volunteer contributor not trained as a reporter), the article may have been posted without being fact-checked or edited. Evaluate the content thoroughly.

  • How do I cite a newspaper article?

    Gather elements for your citation from the online or print newspaper.

    • Author(s)
    • Title
    • Section
    • Pages
    • Newspaper name
    • City of publication
    • Month, day, year of publication
    • Edition