What is a "born digital" image?
We call an image "born digital" if:
How do I evaluate an image creator?
Search the creator's name to evaluate how his portfolio, expertise and point of view relate to your subject. A credible artist or photographer may have:
How do I evaluate a "born digital" photograph?
A photograph can be both a visual record and a fine art. Its meaning is shaped by the photographer's point of view and the background we bring to it.
To "read" and evaluate a photograph, ask:
Has my photograph been manipulated?
Personal and professional photographs are frequently staged, cropped or altered:
One test for an altered photo is to check for metadata (date, time, focal length, camera name, white balance, flash, etc.) that is stored with the photograph. The absence of metadata is sometimes evidence of photo editing. To display the metadata of a photo:
A second test is to locate the small white dot, a reflection of the light source, in the eyes of each person in the photo. If the shape, color or position of the dot differs, the photograph is a composite.
How do I cite a born digital image on the open Web?Gather elements from the image's Web page or the referring page:
How do I cite a born digital image in a subscription database?
Gather elements from the vendor's record:
How do I cite an image that I found using a search engine?
A search engine's result points to a source on the Web.
Cite the source, not the search engine result.