What is a Web page?
A Web page is an online source of any length or language. Using a Web browser, you can view a Web page:
How do I know it's a Web page?
A Web page appears in many formats:
What is a Web site?
All the Web pages within one domain are called a Web site.
Tip: The Web site's name is usually on the upper left. (To verify, cut the URL back to the homepage.)
What is the difference between a Web Project and a Web site?
A Web Project is a section of a Web site with:
A scholarly Web Project is located on an academic domain with:
Who is the author of a Web page?
Look for a named author:
Tip: Do not use a generalized name like "Staff Authors." Organizations may be listed as appropriate.
How do I evaluate a contributor's authority
A contributor's expertise and credentials should relate to your subject. A credible Web page author might:
Tip: To learn more, search the author's name in quotes.
Every author has opinions and a worldview that shape his or her treatment of a subject. As you read the Web page, ask yourself how the author's views and affiliations might affect the presentation or omission of information.
Where do I find the title of a Web page?
Look for the title at the top of a Web page in a larger font.
Tip: Check the browser's bar or tab for clues if you're not sure.
How recent is this information?
The publication date is when that Web page was actually created.
In fields like health, science and politics, where currency is important, look for an update date:
Test currency by checking the dates of sources referenced by the author.
Tip: When no publication date is given, only MLA permits you to cite the copyright date (the latest date next to the copyright sign at the bottom of a page).
Where do I find the publisher or sponsor?
Any company, institution or group can publish or sponsor a Web site or Web project. Look for the name:
Tip: Use Whois to find the "Registrant"
How do I evaluate the publisher?
Test your URL in a different browser (e.g., Firefox vs. Chrome) to verify that it is stable. Why would this organization publish this information?
Look for names:
Tip: Search [link:URL] to identify who links to and values this site.
How do I fact-check the information?
Follow the trail of evidence to see who the author links to, quotes, or references:
Corroborate: Compare information from different media (e.g., magazines, reports, journals, blogs) to gather diverse viewpoints.
How do I evaluate the author's argument?
What is the author's purpose (e.g., persuade, inform, describe)? How do I know?
How does this source fit?
How do I cite a Web page?
Gather possible elements from the Web page and Web site.
How do I select and evaluate a URL?
Always evaluate Web pages individually, not by the domain alone. The Web domain is not a foolproof measure of content or quality because:
Tip: .gov and .mil domains are restricted to U.S. government and military.
Find a stable URL (often ending in .htm, .html, a slash, or no file extension).