Goals of an Ethics Policy

[e.g. Academic Integrity Policy, Acceptable Use Policy, Honor Code, Statement on Plagiarism]

An ethics policy explains your [school, library, technology, classroom] goals, values and program within the larger context of the [district, school] educational mission, policies and procedures. By stating the rules and identifying the norms as lived in daily practices, the ethics policy offers explicit guidance about an individual's behavior and clarifies the rights and responsibilities of the institution and its stakeholders, the community and its members, the classroom and its learners.

Template for a Constructivist Policy

[using plagiarism examples]

A comprehensive ethics policy is a living document developed by the entire community or institution under the guidance of a leadership team including the school librarian and technology coordinator and key representatives of local and district administration, the school board, faculty, parents and students. The process of addressing the following questions will build a sustainable policy based on common values, principles and practices.

1. Inspire and anchor: On what principles does this policy rest?

Central to the school culture

"Thacher's Honor Code is a way of living that both students and faculty cherish. Although an abstract concept, the Honor Code is experienced in real, daily, concrete ways. Thacher students never receive keys to their dorm rooms because doors at Thacher are never locked. A laptop computer left in the Dining Hall at lunch will still be there at dinner. Students are trusted simply...to sign out the library materials they need without supervision...the School helps 9th and 10th graders to understand issues of cheating and plagiarism and then allows juniors and seniors a degree of freedom..." more

Central to the school's mission

"The purpose of this policy is to create and maintain an ethical academic atmosphere in keeping with our school's mission. We hope to foster and encourage a desire in our students to contribute positively to our learning community and to become information literate and practice ethical behaviors in regard to information and information technology..." more

"Students come to the university not only to improve their minds, gain knowledge, and develop skills that will assist them in their life's work, but also to build character... It is the purpose of the BYU Academic Honesty Policy to assist in fulfilling that aim." more

Central to the world's academic research community

"You are a member of an academic community at one of the world's leading research universities. Universities like Berkeley create knowledge that has a lasting impact in the world of ideas and on the lives of others; such knowledge can come from an undergraduate paper as well as the lab of an internationally known professor..." more

Central to the goals of education

"The aim of education is the intellectual, personal, social, and ethical development of the individual. The educational process is ideally conducted in an environment that encourages reasoned discourse, intellectual honesty, openness to constructive change and respect for the rights of all individuals. Self discipline and a respect for the rights of others in the university community are necessary for the fulfillment of such goals. The Student Code of Conduct is designed to promote this environment..." more

Central to the goals of education with social media

"The Brownsburg Community School Corporation (BCSC) recognizes that access to technology in school gives students greater opportunities to learn, engage, communicate, and develop skills that will prepare them for work, life, and citizenship. We are committed to helping students develop 21st-century technology and communication skills." Signed annually by students, parents and staff, this policy strongly supports the educational value of social media and includes clear guidelines on plagiarism: "Users should not plagiarize (or use as their own, without citing the original creator) content, including words or images, from the Internet. Users should not take credit for things they didn't create themselves, or misrepresent themselves as an author or creator of something found online. Research conducted via the Internet should be appropriately cited, giving credit to the original author." more

Central to the norms of academic scholarship

"We should all be aware that we are part of a wider community of scholars, and it is the exchange of ideas, information, concepts and data that make the advancement of knowledge possible. However, just as we expect others to acknowledge the ideas that we have worked hard to develop, so we must also be careful to recognize the people from whom we borrow ideas..." more

Important to Western (but not collectivist) academic culture

"The Academic Honor Code is based on the idea, common to all respected institutions of higher learning in the western world, that the unique intellectual contributions of the individual writer are most important in judging and evaluating his or her work. Although some students come from countries and cultures that do not recognize individual contributions to knowledge, FSU expects these students (and all other students and faculty) to honor the intellectual work of others while they are members of this academic community." more

Commitment to the school community

Signed by freshman undergraduates instead of pledging to uphold an honor code, the Community Standard "...stresses the commitment that students share with all members of the community to enhance the climate for honesty, fairness, respect, and accountability..." more

Acknowledges that one's commitment to a value isn't always easy

"...defines academic integrity as a commitment, even in the face of adversity..." more

Requires imaginative, appropriate teaching

"...the Lower School the Chaplain, Counselor, Life Skills teachers as well as classroom teachers, will take time during the year to emphasize the various aspects of this code in a creative and age-appropriate way." more

Invites besieged students to seek help

"If you are feeling extreme academic pressures, please contact your counselor." more

Implementation of an enduring principle of student self-governance

"The Honor System directly expresses the principle of student self-governance. Founded in 1842, the Honor System has succeeded for more than 150 years as an entirely student-run system. Stewardship of the system rests not only with the elected members of the Honor Committee, but it also lies with each student's decision to act honorably and to hold fellow students to the same standard." more

"Whereas, we, the members of the Undergraduate College of Bryn Mawr College, demonstrate our interest in each individual's capacity for personal integrity and our belief in the principles of self-governance by affirming our student community on a system of academic and social honor..." more

Central to civic education in a democracy

"A primary task of the school is to create a stimulating learning climate... includes broad exposure to the rights and responsibilities of citizens in a democratic society. The school environment should afford opportunities for students to exercise their rights and assume their responsibilities for citizenship... The rights of an individual are preserved only by the protection and preservation of the rights of others... The school believes that the best discipline is self-discipline and that the school environment should allow students, as far as practical, to make responsible decisions about their behavior. The school believes that giving students the opportunity to practice self-discipline in school will lead to their making more responsible choices when not in school..." more

Real-world relevance

"Truthfulness in one's claims and representations and honesty in one's activities are essential in life and vocation..." more

A privilege of network use

(AUP language) "Users are responsible for... adhering to all copyright guidelines and avoiding plagiarism..." more

A learned standard of behavior

"Ethical behavior in the use of information must be taught. In this increasingly global world of information, students must be taught to seek diverse perspectives, gather and use information ethically, and use social tools responsibly and safely..." more

Ideas treated as property

"...understand and value the concept of intellectual property..." more

Attribution aligned with copyright law

"...respect the intellectual property of others by crediting sources and following all copyright laws..." more

Associated with the future worth of a student's degree

"Furthermore, we recognize that academic dishonesty detracts from the value of a Clemson degree..." more

2. Build consensus and leadership: Who owns the problem?

Consortium of schools

International Center for Academic Integrity Mission Statement

Professional organizations

Office or committee with school — or campus-wide oversight

Office for Academic Integrity (George Mason University)
"...to promote and support academic integrity throughout the university community by educating its members, fostering an environment where students can be recognized for high levels of integrity, creating opportunities for leadership and personal growth, and upholding the university honor code through a student based honor committee."

Academic Integrity Committee (Niles Township High Schools)
Responsible for creating a policy and a one-stop Web site for district resources.

Advisory services

University Advising & Academic Services Center (Western Illinois University)
"UAASC advisors are full time academic support professionals committed to student success...as mentors and resource people who recognize that some students will experience difficulties adjusting to university life." Academic integrity process is part of their handbook.

Advisory Program (Hamilton High School)
Multi-year advisors establish long-term relationships with their students to teach "important life skills" and support academic goals including and understanding of plagiarism.

School-wide handbook, code, policies

Code of Character (Landon K-12)
"In the 1960s, Landon students wrote an Honor Code to guide their actions and promote a community where a Landon man became know for his good word. In 2002, the School added a Civility Code to the core principles which govern our behavior as members of a community dedicated to the inclusion of all...In 2008, the Landon formally adapted a Code of Character, embracing both of these Codes, which commits us to make Landon a place where all are welcome, and where Respect and Honesty are our highest values. We recognize that, together, they form the foundation of true Brotherhood."

Honor Code (St. Mark's School)
Student-developed code linked to Seven Pillars of Character.

Honor Code (Mountain Lakes H.S.)
A philosophy of academic Integrity based on a commitment to four values: honesty, respect, responsibility, and trust for use by "all members of the learning community."

Student and Parent Handbook (Illinois Math and Science Academy)
Single handbook for "students, parents, and staff" has "general policies, rules and regulations, board approved policies, and the general calendar for the school year" including an Academic Behavior Code (pages 10-12) that treats plagiarism, an ethical issue, and copyright infringement, a legal issue, together.

Penn State Policies
System- and campus-wide policies, as well as those for disciplines and classes.

The Little Book of Plagiarism (Leeds Metropolitan University)
Created with cross-university input and distributed to all schools within the university.

Academic Integrity: The FLVS Non-Negotiable (Florida Virtual School)
Comprehensive treatment for the virtual community comprised of students, parents, teachers, non-instructional staff, supported and coordinated by an "Academic Integrity Manager."

School Library

Information Literacy as a Tool to Prevent Plagiarism (Eastern Connecticut State University Library)
Library's responsibility for information literacy instruction connected to plagiarism prevention.

Plagiarism (Hoover Middle School, Kenmore-Tonawanda School District)
Advice to support teachers' responsibility for plagiarism prevention.

Technology Department

Elementary and secondary brochure (IT Dept., Kent School District)
Uses kid-friendly language to outline the rules and importance of citing sources.

Internet Safety (Finley Road Elementary School)
As part of "Cyberethics" competencies, students will "identify plagiarism when using digital tools and resources" and "Respect the copyright and intellectual property rights of others."

Responsible Use Policy (Battle Ground Academy)
Students sign and parents co-sign a pledge of "personal responsibility" for technology use which includes a brief mention of plagiarism, citation, and fair use.

Responsible Use Policy for Educational Technology (Web School of Knoxville)
Aligns with ISTE digital citizenship behaviors and refers to plagiarism, copyright and fair use, behaviors that are in force "in connection with school-related work, even if conducted at home."

Technology Curriculum: Digital Citizenship (Standard 5) (Akron-Westfield Community Schools)
A Technology Department scope and sequence that covers "electronic theft and plagiarism."

Technology Curriculum K-12 (Paterson Public Schools)
Board-approved curriculum that requires students to "follow copyright laws and policies concerning acceptable use" and advises that "all activities should be checked for plagiarism, acceptable use, citing resources, etc."

Acceptable Use Policy (Haddonfield Public Schools District)
A "living document" adopted by the School Board with a Student Contract and Parent/Guardian Agreement.

Acceptable Use Policy: Staff (Londonderry School District)
Adult employees, faculty and volunteers, are cautioned against "intentionally infringing on intellectual property...including plagiarism and / or unauthorized use or reproduction."

Writing Center or Lab

Understanding and Avoiding Plagiarism (Yale College Writing Center)
Responsibility rests with the student, the writing center offers advice and support.

Caldwell Writing Center (McCallie School)
Resources and support to "enable the student to evaluate and find proper sources, document sources, and avoid the serious problem of plagiarism."

Writing Center (Branson School)
Emphasis is on the process of writing, rewriting and developing voice.

Writing Center Syllabus (Mattawan High School)
A "low-risk, non-graded environment" in which students learn to apply ELA Common Core State Standards "...to integrate information into the text selectively to maintain the flow of ideas, avoiding plagiarism and over-reliance on any one source and following a standard format for citation."

Overview and Contradictions (Purdue Online Writing Lab)
Extensive online advice on avoiding plagiarism that is often used by high schools and colleges.

A Department (samples)

Language Arts Department Policy on Plagiarism (South Windsor High School)

English Department: Plagiarism and Appropriate Sources (Watertown High School)
Sign and return to your English teacher.

Computer Science and the Honor Code (Stanford University)

Classroom teacher

Zoology Class Writing Guide (Southern Illinois University Carbondale)

A Letter to My Students (Oakton Community College, Bill Taylor, Professor of Political Science)
"As you'll see, academic integrity basically requires the same things of you as a student as it requires of me as a teacher..." more

AP Studio Art: 2D Design Syllabus (New Canaan Public Schools)
Distinguishes between appropriation and plagiarism.

Curriculum Team

NLCP Interdisciplinary Projects (North Lawndale College Prep)
Freshmen, sophomores, juniors and seniors all complete multidisciplinary projects "to satisfy your own curiosity, develop your thinking skills, and sharpen your interrelated view of the world." Each discipline's Skills Curriculum Map references Common Core Research to Build and Present Knowledge W.11-12.8. Gather relevant information from multiple authoritative print and digital sources, using advanced searches effectively; assess the strengths and limitations of each source in terms of the task, purpose, and audience; integrate information into the text selectively to maintain the flow of ideas, avoiding plagiarism and overreliance on any one source and following a standard format for citation.

Guidelines for Research Papers and Culminating Projects (Bellingham H.S.)
Research guidelines for seniors and their project advisors, information for parents that distinguishes "Plagiarism vs. Documentation."

The student

Intent and the "Reasonable Person" Standard (Stanford University, Office of Judicial Affairs)
A student is responsible regardless of intent.

Student Handbook Cheating Policy (Orono H.S.)
"Honesty is the foundation of a good reputation. If you tell the truth and take full responsibility for your actions, you will be consistently respected as a strong individual. If, on the other hand, you lie and try to avoid responsibility, your weakness will place doubts in the mind of everyone you deal with. It is a harsh fact of life that, once you damage your good reputation, it is hard to regain people's confidence."

"A reputation based on honesty is of great importance. Accordingly, the school will do its best to help you protect it. If you should act dishonestly, the school, through disciplinary action and counseling, will work with you to try to repair the damage you have done to your relationships with the community."

An organization or group charged with responsibility for academic ethics

Student Council (Landon K-12)
"Maintaining Landon's Honor Code is the Council's most significant task, for in the Honor Code rest the qualities of trust and honesty that make Landon a very special environment in which to live and learn. Under the Honor Code, it is the responsibility of every Upper School student to control lying, stealing, and cheating at Landon. The council, however, is representative of these efforts and, with the assistance of a faculty advisor, is responsible for familiarizing all students with the Code and its implications and for the procedures of the Code."

About the Honor Committee: Criteria and Scope (University of Virginia)
"One of the hallmarks of the U.Va. Honor System is that it is entirely student-run. Elected student representatives sit on the Committee, and student Support Officers investigate cases, advise accused students, educate the community about Honor, and serve as advocates at trial."

Student Judicial Services, Office of the Dean (University of Texas, Austin)
Promotes Standard of Academic Integrity, administers other standards of conduct, investigates alleged violations and implements the disciplinary process.

Academic Integrity Council (Duke University)
Represents all constituencies of the campus community: "seven faculty members (five from Trinity College of Arts and Sciences and two from the Pratt School of Engineering), two undergraduates (one from the Duke Student Government and one from the Honor Council), one graduate student teaching assistant, and four administrators."

Student Honor Council (University of Maryland)
Administers Code of Academic Integrity with strong education component.

3. Clarify and resolve differences: What concepts and preventative strategies are taught?

Guiding the Gifted to Honest Work (Duke Gifted Newsletter, Debbie Abilock)
Article for faculty or parent discussion groups

Directed to students

Writing Resources: Using Sources (Writing Center, Hamilton College)
Succinct instructions on how to use sources correctly and effectively.

Sources and Citation at Dartmouth College (Institute for Writing and Rhetoric)
"Defines plagiarism as intellectual theft of words, ideas, "images, maps, charts, tables, data sets, musical compositions, movies, new-media compositions, computer source code, song lyrics...a solution to a problem." A student must get advance approval from all teachers involved before submitting prior work.

Academic Integrity: Collaboration (MIT)
Explains that accepted levels of collaboration can vary greatly 'from class to class, even within the same department..."

What Constitutes Plagiarism (Harvard College Writing Program)
Clear explanations and examples of verbatim and mosaic plagiarism, inadequate paraphrasing, uncited work and how to revise them acceptably.

Avoiding Plagiarism: What Do I Need to Cite? (Kevin deLaplante, Chair of the Dept. of Philosophy and Religious Studies, Iowa State)
Distinguishes between citing words and ideas.

Plagiarism Policy (Rutgers Writing Program)
Provides subtle examples to test a student's understanding of plagiarism, followed by an analysis of the principles involved including intellectual boundaries, public and private intellectual property, voice, and Western rhetorical traditions.

Plagiarism: A Students Guide to Recognizing it and Avoiding it (Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, Valdosta State University)
Examples of five types of plagiarism (copy & paste, word switch, style, metaphor and idea) are defined with examples, then corrected.

Avoiding Plagiarism, Self-Plagiarism, and Other Questionable Writing Practices by Miguel Roig (Office of Research Integrity, St. Johns University)
Science writing: preventive writing strategies with paraphrasing exercises.

What is Plagiarism (Georgetown University, Gervase Program "promoting and encouraging intellectual life on campus")
Uses informal language and humor to identify situations in which work is not acknowledged.

Cheating and how to avoid it (Mankato Area Public Schools, Media and Technology Policies and Guidelines)
Practical definitions of various kinds of cheating, why not to, the likelihood that you will be caught and what will happen. Lists strategies for avoiding cheating and outlines when attribution is needed (from Purdue's OWL website).

Maintaining Academic Integrity (Derby Middle School)
Trifold handout with a basic definition and rationale, examples of a lack of integrity, the likelihood of being caught and the practical consequences.

Berry Middle School Digital Citizenship Pledge

Directed to Parents

NWC Guide for Parents: Plagiarism (Northwest College)

Parent Handbook (University of Southern California)
Award winning handbook used in parent orientation discusses academic integrity and plagiarism.

Directed to Teachers

Howard, Rebecca Moore, Tricia Serviss, and Tanya K. Rodrigue. "Writing from Sources, Writing from Sentences." Writing and Pedagogy 2.2 (2010): 177-92. Brigham Young University Writing Program. Web. 14 Oct. 2012.
Explanation of patchwriting and its implications for teaching.

Why Students Plagiarize (University of Alberta Library)
Extensive list of reasons for faculty.

Addressing the Issue of Plagiarism with your Students (Yale College)
Three components of effective teaching: A syllabus statement, expanded examples and definitions, exercises in which students apply their understanding.

Plagiarism or Not: More Clicker Questions about Academic Integrity (Derek Bruff, Center for Teaching, Vanderbilt University)
Describes a strategy for using clicker questions to raise integrity issues for class discussion.

Assignment Ideas (Dalhousie University)
Extensive list of research and writing assignments that encourage creativity and reduce the motivation to plagiarize or cheat.

Preventing Plagiarism on Reports (McGill University)
Strategies for reducing plagiarism specifically on lab reports.

Model Papers from the Disciplines (Yale College)
Collection of student papers from various disciplines that teachers can use as models.

Preventing Plagiarism with Creative Assignments: Ideas for Faculty (Truman State University Library)
Proactive teaching strategies and redesigned assignments.

Term Paper Alternatives or So You'd Like Your Students to Use the Library but Don't Want to Assign a Research Paper? (St. Louis University Library, Miriam E. Joseph)

Creative Assignments (First Year Experience, Ohio University Library)
Scroll down to see "10 Sample Assignments" with a range of difficulty which teach information competence but go beyond "just term papers."

Assigning Collaborative Writing: Tips for Teachers (Rebecca Moore Howard, Syracuse University)

Case of the Cheating Hart (University of Notre Dame Library)
Discussion scenario for a faculty workshop.

Detecting Plagiarism: A Self-Help Guide (John Royce, Library Director, Robert College of Istanbul)

Presentation and Application of Concepts in Scenarios, Instructional Quizzes and Tutorials

Quiz Banks (Penn State)
Questions that can be used to test student understanding of plagiarism.

How to Recognize Plagiarism Tutorial (Indiana University Bloomington)
Tutorial with a certificate of completion when a student scores 100% on the test.

HSC: All My Own Work (Board of Studies NSW)
Modules to teach the "principles and practice of good scholarship" include acknowledging sources, plagiarism, and working with others. Each module contains information, quiz, summary, FAQ and links to more information.

Academic Integrity Case Studies (University of Minnesota)
Case method provides fuller descriptions of problems with responses by three students to each situation.

Case Studies (York University)
Viewer decides which writing samples display academic integrity and why.

Plagiarism Tutorial (Simon Fraser University)
Three modules with self-tests: Introduction, Citing, Writing Skills and a Conclusion /Bibliography

Search for the Skunk Ape (Florida Gulf Coast University Library)
Four-part library research on the Skunk Ape contains Module 4: Ethical Research.

What is Plagiarism
Videoclip for young students.

Et Plagieringseventyr [A Plagiarism Carol]
A clever plagiarism parody of Christmas Carol (In Norse - press "cc" to see subtitles).

Dr. Dhil Show (Fairfield University)
Clever parody of Dr. Phil TV show about a friend who plagiarizes. Also links to plagiarism avoidance tutorials in flash and html.

A Quick Guide to Plagiarism (Cape Fear Community College)
YouTube clip of clever scenarios.

Avoiding Plagiarism (Texas Woman's University)
Scenarios explain what plagiarism is and how to avoid it.

Intellectual Vengeance (Digital Cinema Class, Northern Kentucky University)
A 12 minute story of student who plagiarizes a paper for another student.

Bruin Success with Less Stress (UCLA Library)
Breezy, informal tone of flash presentation includes tips, links to policy statements, examples and interactive components to address five aspects of academic integrity: intellectual property, file sharing, citing and documenting, time management and cheating.

You Quote It, You Note It! (Acadia University)
Choose a cartoon character in this Flash tutorial to learn about early planning, how to paraphrase and quote, citing and where to get help.

Plagiarism and Academic Integrity (Rutgers University)
Viewer selects responses to problems dramatized in realistic Flash scenarios.

Principles of Paraphrasing: How to Avoid Inadvertent Plagiarism in Three Easy Modules (Harvard Graduate School of Education)
Outstanding presentation of definitions; rules for quoting, summarizing and paraphrasing; tips for successful paraphrasing; and self-test. Irritating audio track but a printable handout of the tutorial and transcript are available.

Test Your Integrity I.Q. (University of Manitoba)
Scenarios with leading questions and an answer key.

What is Plagiarism? (Rutgers University Libraries)
Humorous flash cartoon of plagiarism basics linked to academic honesty policy

Dr. Cite Rite (Central Piedmont Community College Library)
Choose "Clickstein" for social sciences, "Clickspeare" for humanities or "Click 'n Hammer" for applied sciences to get plagiarism overview and formatting elements for MLA or APA citations of common source types.

Study Success at Sussex (University of Sussex)
Includes Citing and Referencing Quiz and Referencing and Plagiarism Quiz.

Plagiarism and Referencing (University of Nottingham)
Interactive tutorial with examples of how to revised text, short videos, quizzes.

Plagiarism Game (Lycoming College)
Flash-based game to find and eliminate "plagiarism goblins" by answering questions correctly.

Interactive Flash Tutorials (21st Century Information Fluency)
Plagiarism I, Plagiarism II, Plagiarism III - short quizzes on detecting plagiarism using interesting examples (emphasis on science) and different media with an option to review background information.

Planet in Peril: Plagiarism
Phoxites, creatures from another planet, go to Earth disguised as humans to prevent plagiarism that threatens to destroy the planet. A slick videogame search for information on plagiarism stored on three pieces of a "sacred document" is an entertaining but superficial timewaster.

Teach Yourself to Avoid Plagiarism in Scientific Writing by Dr. S. D. Sivasubramaniam
Tutorial with quizzes on scientific writing.

Assignment Calculator
Assignment templates show steps toward completing various types of assignments, papers and projects. (Guest can view steps but not use the calendar).

Planning Assignments (North of Boston Library Exchange)
Calendars steps toward completing a research assignment based on the due date.

4. Convert concepts into behaviors: What responsibilities and rights are identified?

Faculty Information
Reporting process itemizing the rights and obligations of faculty.

Academic Honor Code (Dodge City High School)
Enumerates the responsibilities of the student, the teacher, the administrator and the parent/guardian.

Student and Faculty Responsibilities and Rights of Accused Students (James Mason University)

5. Develop a response plan: What disciplinary process is to be followed?

Process overview

Council Rock School District Academic Integrity Guidelines: High School
Initiated by the school librarian and now used consistently along with a survey of 9th graders during orientation in the district's high schools. Incremental severity of consequences is based on a reasonable judgment of intent.

Plagiarism Policy (Middlesex County College)
"Faculty have the right to determine their own penalties for plagiarism for use in their classes. However, such policies should be discussed in class and clearly stated in the grading policies "statement" faculty distribute to students with the course syllabus."

Honor Code (W. T. Woodson H.S.)
Transparent process including procedures, referral procedure, public report of data about number of students and subjects.

Tracking system in planning stages timeline (University of Arkansas)

Simplified Process and Flowchart (Christopher Newport University)

Academic Discipline Process - Flowchart (Dalhousie University)

How it Works chart (McGill)

Faculty Plagiarism (Southern Illinois University Edwardsville)
Detailed policy and procedure for faculty violations. "... the academic contexts within which faculty are engaged are diverse, and must be considered when evaluating whether plagiarism has occurred. Academic contexts can range from highly competitive, in which attribution for a work provides justification for and advancement of status within a particular community, to strictly institutional, in which official credit for a work does not represent a means of achieving status and advancement and where use and reuse of work is accepted and even expected and encouraged. Some purported instances of plagiarism may not warrant extensive investigation. In particular, policies and procedures intended to address plagiarism should not apply to the routine use of source material when such instances occur in a legitimate institutionalized context."

Reporting

Academic Honor Principle: Information for Students (Dartmouth, Undergraduate Judicial Affairs)
"Any student who becomes aware of a violation of the Academic Honor Principle is bound by honor to take some action. The student may report the violation, speak personally to the student observed in violation of the principle, exercise some form of social sanction, or do whatever the student feels is appropriate under the circumstances...If Dartmouth students stand by and do nothing, both the spirit and operation of the Academic Honor Principle are severely threatened."

Continuous self-reporting (Worthington High School, AP History)
"The following statement will appear on all tests, and you must include it on all essays..."

Reporting Plagiarism can be a painful, time-consuming experience for faculty but the worst course of action is to turn a blind eye to students who plagiarize. Ignoring plagiarism undermines the value of education, it undermines the university, and it undermines the academic community -- including the faculty member's career.

Campus Incident Report Form (Texas Tech)

Honor Council members, organization, procedure and accusation form (University of Mary Washington)

Honor Code forms (Langley High School)

Reporting an Incident (Metro State College of Denver)
Incident Report Form for code of conduct violations and Care Report Form for concerns about student behavior.

Sample Letter for Reporting Academic Integrity Violations (Texas Tech)
Reviews factual information from teacher-student conference and explains teacher's action plan.

Disciplinary Procedures and Consequences

Hearing, Appeal and Review Procedures (James Madison University)

Student Disciplinary Procedures (University of Arizona)

Disciplinary Process forms (Rutgers University)
Detailed procedures for separable and non-separable violations, information sheets for accused and complaint parties, guides for witnesses and attorney, appeal form, etc.

Academic Honesty: Documentation, Information Ethics and Plagiarism; A useful guide to getting things done the right way (Colton-Pierrepont Central School)
Outlines the teaching to be done, procedures and increasingly severe consequences by grade levels.

Code of Academic Integrity (Cornell University)
Outlines the process, jurisdiction and procedures of Academic Integrity Hearing Boards.

Undergraduate Academic Ethics Board (Johns Hopkins University)

Sample Plagiarism Cases and Consequences (Stanford University Office of Judicial Affairs)

Grade of XF (University of Maryland)
"The normal sanction for academic dishonesty is a grade of "XF," denoting "failure due to academic dishonesty.."

6. Cultivate an ongoing prevention program: What proactive education supports the policy?

Comprehensive approach

VAIL: Virtual Academic Integrity Laboratory (Center for Intellectual Property, University of Maryland University College) Faculty and Administrator Resources and Student Resources.

Student Conduct: Academic Integrity (University of California, San Diego)
"The Academic Integrity Office works closely with the Academic Senate, the six undergraduate colleges, the Office of Graduate Studies, academic departments, and central administration to:

Student Conduct (North Carolina State University) "125 Years of Integrity"

The Ethical Researcher (Debbie Abilock)
Includes PowerPoint presentations and Big Ideas of Notemaking and Notetaking, a notetaking taxonomy.

Senior Project (Portsmouth High School)
A culminating project supported by a comprehensive packet of information currently under revision to reflect Common Core standards and language.

Interdisciplinary Projects (North Lawndale College Prep)
Comprehensive four-year approach to teaching research through interdisciplinary projects.

7. Interrelate policies, programs and practices: How does this fit with other work?

Laws and rulings: Legislation, contracts, judicial interpretations, school board rulings.

Goals and plans: Vision and mission statements, long-range strategic plan, accreditation process, institutional self-study, educational technology plan.

Local documents: District and school guidelines, disciplinary standards, vision and mission statements.

Professional practice: Frameworks and growth goals, teaching assessments, curriculum reviews.

Professional development programs: Learning communities, study teams, coaching, mentoring, leadership initiatives.

Policies: Selection, acceptable use and information access policies, literacy statements, homework policy.

Classroom: Syllabi, individual assignments, grading.

Academic coaching: Tutoring, writing labs.

Student organizations and civic roles: Student government, newspaper, community service, service learning, after-school and peer-tutoring programs.

Parent education programs: back-to-school night, curriculum education, community or town meetings, parent-communication publications.

8. Plan for change: What is the policy review process?

Process for review and amendment

Policy on Academic Integrity for Undergraduate and Graduate Students (Faculty of Arts and Sciences & School of Business, Rutgers University, Camden)
VI. Amendments to the Integrity Code "Suggested changes to this policy may be recommended by the Camden Faculty Senate's Student Life Committee, the Dean of Students Office, the Arts and Sciences Dean's Office, or the School of Business Dean's Office. Changes shall be approved by the Faculty Senate."

Instrument of Student Governance (University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill)
VII Amendments
"Amendments to any provision of this Instrument may be proposed by the Chancellor, the Faculty Council, the Student Congress, or the Committee on Student Conduct."

Ongoing review

Charter of Student Rights and Responsibilities (Bishop's University)
Definitions and Interpretations of this Charter "... intended to be a 'living document' which may be amended from time to time as needed, in light of experience, in order to clarify those students' rights and responsibilities to which the University is committed. It is further intended that responsibilities and rights accorded by all other policies of the University should be interpreted in light of this Charter."

Code of Professional Conduct and Ethics (New Jersey Dental School)
This Honor Code is a "living document" and as such, it will incorporate by reference any new and/or amended policies adopted by UMDNJ or the New Jersey Dental School as these policies apply to or touch upon the principles set forth in this document.

Honor Code (University of Denver)
The Code was developed following discussions among a broad range of constituencies within the University encompassing students, faculty, and staff. The Honor Code is a living document that will evolve with time. Both substantive requirements and enforcement procedures may be amended by the University to reflect experience gained from its implementation, in order to better foster and advance an environment of ethical conduct in the academic community of the University.

Scheduled review

Student Handbook: Policies and Procedures (SUNY Geneseo)
"The Student Code of Conduct shall be reviewed every two years under the direction of the Dean of Students."

Student Handbook (East Brunswick High School)
"Our handbook is a living document. It is revised and updated every year. We encourage you to make suggestions to help us make this publication as useful as possible for our students and parents."

Printable version